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Book products are printed, and binding into a book is also a very important step. In printing and binding, our common binding methods such as hinges, ancient lines, organs, saddle bindings, wireless binding, lock binding, collection Grade hardcover, special binding, loose-leaf binding, double-coil binding, etc. What kind of scenarios are these binding methods often used in and what form is it?
Book printing and binding method
The packaging forms of paintings, calligraphy and other works we usually see are scrolls with Chinese traditional cultural characteristics, which need to be unrolled when reading, and can be rolled up for collection after reading. This is a very ancient mounting form. In modern art prints, designers use this design to fully display the characteristics and unique cultural connotation of the packaged items. The scroll pack is divided into banner pack and vertical pack. The materials and mounting process are more sophisticated. .
A very Chinese form of binding, which mainly uses cotton or silk thread to drill the finished post from the spine to the book block about 10mm, and then thread it into a book. Ancient thread binding is generally used in scriptures and books with ancient text patterns. Many ancient thread bindings also use traditional characters and vertical arrangements, as well as older paper materials such as rice paper. The characteristics of ancient line clothing are simple and elegant, elegant and elegant. In the design of book binding, combining the unique style of ancient line clothing, it has a more sense of form.
Also known as the "organ pack", the printed paper is cut into thin strips, and the thin strips are folded into several lots by folding left and right. Then all glued together to grow into a strip-shaped book. The difficulty of folding is the glue connection, which needs to be completed by hand because of several levels. A little bit of discomfort may cause the number of front and back hands to be inconsistent, or the creases cannot be consistent, causing waste or defective products. Therefore, before deciding to adopt an adhesive connection and folding it, we should consider more details of the process flow.
Saddle stitching is currently the most common and common binding method for many picture books. When binding, divide the book pages into two, and use the book binding to bind along the middle seam. For general journals, albums, newsletters, and product catalogs with a small number of pages or a thickness of less than 5mm.
Wireless binding refers to a binding method in which the inner pages and the spine of the book are bonded with hot-melt adhesive, and then glued to the spine of the cover and back. It is mainly used for printing books and albums with a large number of pages and a paper weight of less than 157g / ㎡, which is suitable for assembly line mechanization.
For thicker books, in order to increase the firmness of the binding of the inner pages of the book, the signatures cannot be fixed only by glue, and need to be reinforced with a lock. Thread locking is to sew and lock the inner pages up and down on the spine side, and then use hot-melt adhesive to make the book binding more secure.
Books, paintings, classics, high-end albums, gift albums, etc. that are commemorative, valuable, and valuable for collection, mostly use collection-grade hardcover. In popular terms, collection-level hardcover refers to the binding that is very particular about the layout of the inner pages, the material for the back cover, the craftsmanship, and the binding method. Different from the ordinary hardcover, the collection-grade hardcover is packed in outer packaging, and the outer packaging is required to be more stylish, exquisite and have a certain weight. The use of internal and external design and craftsmanship makes the collection-grade hardcover look awe-inspiring.
Book design and binding methods do not have to follow a fixed pattern. Graphic designers have carried out many creative and pioneering works with new styles and distinctive features based on the content of printed works. There are countless innovations. Forms include left and right loading, reverse loading, folding loading, etc. The materials are also constantly being refurbished. Art paper, wood materials, metal profiles, PVC plastics, etc., are only unexpected, and really not impossible!
Loose-leaf binding is the simplest form of binding. Each page can be flipped comfortably. Unlike coil mounting, the number of punches for loose-top mounting is generally 3 or 4 holes. The materials of the binder are stainless steel and plastic, which can be selected after binding. Increase or decrease the number of pages. It should be noted that, because most of the stainless steel binders are relatively heavy, the cover and back cover need thick materials to enable the binders to be firmly supported. For special technical training manuals and product catalogs with different contents for different customers, loose-top binding is a good choice.
Another type of loose-leaf is formed by matching single or multiple screws with nuts. Single versions such as special paper sample bound volumes, special material sample catalogs, etc. seen on the market take many of these forms. However, it can only be viewed in a fan shape on one page and one side, and the screws are liable to partly fall off due to looseness. Multiple editions such as booklet, conference materials or bidding information booklet.
Also known as YO ring (from English WeO-Binding), O-shaped coil. Double coils are two steel coils with preset size and specifications. Common materials are divided into two types: plastic-sprayed steel rings and plastic coils. Usually, round or square holes are punched on the left or top of the printed matter. After the double coils pass through, they are compressed and fixed by the YO ring binding machine, and the entire binding process is completed. After the coil is locked, no more pages can be added unless the coil is removed. The cost of double-coil binding is higher than the one-line diagram. Of course, the binding effect is better and more durable. Using double-coil bound albums, any page can be completely flattened when reading, which is very convenient for reading and querying. Books with a thickness of less than 30mm, such as tool books, technical manuals, recipes (recipes), VIS manuals, and architectural atlases, are most suitable for this binding method.
Choosing which book to bind is the first question that designers must consider when planning books. In general, the main factors to consider are the following aspects: book thickness, book grade, folio size, paper used, whether there are special process requirements, and whether there are accessories such as CD discs. The designer should choose the most suitable binding method based on the actual situation.